Old Town Albuquerque is the birthplace of the city, founded in 1706 by a procession of Spanish settlers from Bernalillo, the older village to the north. Its compact area and narrow streets allow the imagination to envision the original settlement, and the blend of residents, businesses, San Felipe de Neri Church and the school keep the feeling of a small close-knit community.
Many of the oldest buildings in Old Town, Albuquerque, New Mexico are constructed of adobe bricks and stucco. The newer buildings dating from the late 1800’s were structures with wooden clapboard siding on the front, typical of any western town of the time. However, early visitors came by train and expected the buildings here to look like the pueblos, so in the 1920’s and 30’s, most of the structures in Old Town underwent the Pueblo Revival movement, being remodeled to add portals, vigas and stucco. The Pueblo Revival Style was created by Edward Buxton Cristy, the architect who designed the Bottger Mansion. Look carefully and you will see Victorian buildings behind or inside La Hacienda Restaurant (the mansard roof was removed), the Covered Wagon (Queen Anne house complete with turret behind the facade), and La Placita Restaurant. Romero House has been remodeled into shops on the inside. The Bottger Mansion is the only one of four Victorian-era mansions in Old Town to remain virtually in its original form.